Amine Oxidase, Copper Containing 3 (AOC3)

VAP1; HPAO; SSAO; Membrane primary amine oxidase; Vascular Adhesion Protein 1; Semicarbazide-Sensitive Amine Oxidase; Copper-Containing Amine Oxygen Oxidoreductase

Amine Oxidase, Copper Containing 3 (AOC3)

SSAO can deaminate short-chain primary amines, but is insensitive to MAO inhibitors. Semicarbazide inhibits the enzyme, in addition to other hydrazines, hydroxylamine and propargylamine. However, hydrazines are weak inhibitors and stronger inhibitors have been developed.

SSAO is found in the smooth muscle of blood vessels and various other tissues. The physiological function of SSAO is not well understood. Development of blood vessels, lipolysis regulation, and detoxication are suggested. It may function as a scavenger enzyme to assist MAO. However, the oxidation process generates harmful products that may be involved in causing atherosclerosis and vascular damage in diabetes.

Organism species: Homo sapiens (Human)

Organism species: Mus musculus (Mouse)

Organism species: Rattus norvegicus (Rat)