GS Homeobox Protein 1 (GSX1)


GS Homeobox Protein 1 (GSX1)
Homeobox genes Gsx1 and Gsx2 (formerly Gsh1 and Gsh2) are among the earliest transcription factors expressed in neuronal progenitors of the lateral ganglionic eminence (LGE) in the ventral telencephalon. Because no specific phenotype has been described in Gsx1 mutants, it is unclear what role this factor plays in the development of the ventral telencephalon. Gsx1 and Gsx2 differentially regulate the maturation of LGE progenitors. Specifically, Gsx2 maintains LGE progenitors in an undifferentiated state, whereas Gsx1 promotes progenitor maturation and the acquisition of neuronal phenotypes, at least in part, through the down-regulation of Gsx2. These unique results indicate that the two closely related Gsx genes similarly regulate LGE patterning but oppositely control the balance between proliferation and differentiation in the neuronal progenitor pool.

Organism species: Homo sapiens (Human)

Organism species: Mus musculus (Mouse)

Organism species: Rattus norvegicus (Rat)